In the UK 44,000 people lose their lives due to sepsis every year. Sepsis is a rare but serious complication of an infection which without quick treatment can lead to multiple organ failure and death with about 123,000 cases a year in England.
Anyone can develop sepsis after an injury or minor infection although some people are more vulnerable.
People most at risk include those who are:
Very young or very old
Have a medical condition or receiving medical treatment that weakens their immune system
Those who have just had surgery or who have wounds or injuries as a result of an accident.
If Sepsis is detected early and hasn’t affected vital organs yet it may be possible to treat the infection at home with antibiotics and most people who are treated at this stage make a full recovery. More severe sepsis and septic shock will require hospital treatment
An Introduction to Sepsis from the UK Sepsis Trust
Sepsis symptoms in children under five
Go straight to A&E or call 999 if your child has any of these symptoms:
· looks mottled, bluish or pale
· is very lethargic or difficult to wake
· feels abnormally cold to touch
· is breathing very fast
· has a rash that does not fade when you press it
· has a fit or convulsion
Get medical advice urgently from NHS 111
· temperature over 38C in babies under three months
· temperature over 39C in babies aged three to six months
· any high temperature in a child who cannot be encouraged to show interest in anything
· low temperature (below 36C – check three times in a 10-minute period)
· finding it much harder to breathe than normal – looks like hard work
· making “grunting” noises with every breath
· can’t say more than a few words at once (for older children who normally talk)
· breathing that obviously “pauses”
· not had a wee or wet nappy for 12 hours
· new baby under one month old with no interest in feeding
· not drinking for more than eight hours (when awake)
· bile-stained (green), bloody or black vomit/sick
· soft spot on a baby’s head is bulging
· eyes look “sunken”
· child cannot be encouraged to show interest in anything
· baby is floppy
· weak, “whining” or continuous crying in a younger child
· older child who’s confused
· not responding or very irritable
· stiff neck, especially when trying to look up and down
Sepsis symptoms in older children and adults
· a high temperature (fever) or low body temperature
· chills and shivering
· a fast heartbeat
· fast breathing
· feeling dizzy or faint
· a change in mental state – such as confusion or disorientation
· nausea and vomiting
· slurred speech
· severe muscle pain
· severe breathlessness
· less urine production than normal – for example, not urinating for a day
· cold, clammy and pale or mottled skin
· loss of consciousness
When to get medical help
Sepsis, septicaemia and blood poisoning
Although sepsis is often referred to as either blood poisoning or septicaemia, these terms refer to the invasion of bacteria into the bloodstream.
Sepsis can affect multiple organs or the entire body, even without blood poisoning or septicaemia.
Sepsis can also be caused by viral or fungal infections, although bacterial infections are by far the most common cause.
Information and video sources
You’ll be pleased to know that by selecting Countrywise Training Ltd. We can train and assess Nationally recognised certificates with certification from FAA regulated by Ofqual. At competitive prices with group booking Discounts and choice of venue. To suit your needs and requirements, this includes training your staff at a time to suit including evenings, weekends and Nights.